Cape Verde islands
The history of the archipelago is articulated and complex but substantially it can be divided into two great moments. The first was characterized by the discovery of the first islands, which took place in 1456 by some explorers at the service of Portugal and the second by the self-determination of the country that from July 5th, 1975 celebrates the date of its independence. The Portuguese colonization lasted over 500 years and took the form of alternating periods of slavery with others engaged in the attempt to exploit, without great success, the development of economic activities such as fishing, agriculture and those related to navigation. From the date of independence up to 1990, the country has given itself a political organization of a single party, and subsequently, with an amendment to the constitution, has introduced the multi-party system.
The governments that have alternated from the independence to present time, have always favoured, through targeted legislation, the incentive for economic and social development of the country. The most significant initiatives include the privatization of public companies and the recognition of important tax exemptions for investors interested in developing projects of great national importance and aimed at ensuring a good level of employment.
In the contemporary years the country has given itself a stable political organization of alternation, succeeding in the objective of creating an organized society that benefits from good investments in infrastructure, health, alternative energy, fishing and above all tourism. This latter sector is booming thanks to the interest of foreign groups of international importance that consider Cape Verde a particularly attractive country for tourists, not only for its remarkable natural beauties but also for the fact that it is a territory where there are no risks associated with endemic diseases, where there is a very low crime rate and where the local population is mild and very hospitable.
The Cape Verde population, which is the most long-lived in the African continent and at the same time is populated by young people, is known for its mildness and its great propensity for hospitality . These are simple and genuine people with a good propensity for dialogue and who easily enter into empathy with the tourist. The motto that has been established to define the simplicity and relaxation of these people is "Cabo Verde no stress". The mentality that is part of the local culture is to take things into consideration for what they are worth without taking on anxieties and worries for the future.
Art and culture are a significant part of the heritage of this country. The music is in the blood of all the Cape Verdeans and that is why the country has given numerous artists to the world who have entered the history such as Cesaria Evora, Tito Paris, Ildo lobo, Mayra Andrade, Bana, Suzanna Lubrano, Luis Morais and many others. Among the musical genres that are recognized to be autochthonous there are the Coladeira, the Funana, the Batukada, the Valsa and especially the Morna, launched by Cesaria Evora and which has a certain affinity with the Portuguese "fado" and the Brazilian "modinha" . Also on the cultural and artistic front it should be noted that Cidade Velha, on the island of Santiago, Ribeira Grande historic center, which was the first European colonial outpost in the tropics, is part of the world heritage of humanity.
Cape Verde, in terms of security and public order, is generally referred to as "a country without particular criticality". Cape Verde is a safe country. Nonetheless, in the areas of greatest tourist flow it is always prudent to implement the preventive rules to avoid thefts, pick-pocketing and other episodes of micro-crime. It is good practice to observe the rules of not trusting occasional friendships, not giving tips to children, not going to areas and beaches not frequented, not showing off wealth, not photographing minors, police and military sites. Although in the tourist areas and in the capital there are hospitals, before going to the archipelago, it is good practice to take out an insurance policy that provides for the return home in case of serious health conditions.
The climate in the Cape Verde Islands is tropical dry, with an average temperature that fluctuates around 26 ° C along the year. The temperature range, between maximum and minimum, never exceeds 10 ° C, while at sea, the water temperature varies between 22 ° and 29 ° C according to the seasons. In the mountainous islands like Santiago, Santo Antão, São Nicolau and Fogo, the sun dominates almost the whole year, while the short rainy season runs from September to October. Boa Vista, Sal and Maio, however, offer a much drier climate, due to the hot winds coming from the Sahara.